Our website uses cookies. By using the website you agree ot its use. More information can be found in our privacy policy.

An Investigation into the Relationship between Wood Bat Durability and Bat Taper Geometry using LS-DYNA ®

Changes in the Wooden Baseball Bat Standards (WBBS) by the Office of the Commissioner of Baseball in cooperation with the MLB Players Association in response to recommendations made by a task force comprised wood and baseball science experts have produced a 65% reduction in the rate of multi-piece failures (MPFs) of bats since 2008. It is hypothesized that the rate of MPFs can be further reduced if regulations on the allowable geometries of the taper region for the bats used by MLB teams are implemented in the WBBS. To develop a fundamental understanding of the relationship among (1) the angle of the taper region of the bat, (2) the starting point of the taper along the length of the bat, and (3) wood density, a series of actual and generic bat profiles was investigated using LS-DYNA for bat/ball impacts. In this paper, the results of these bat/ball impact simulations are shared, and a summary of the various combinations of these geometric parameters on bat stress and strain is presented. The durability information gained from these studies is then used to develop an understanding of why certain bat profiles used in professional baseball have relatively high rates of MPFs while other profiles exhibit relatively low rates of MPFs.